Research Transparency: A Preliminary Study of Disciplinary Conceptualisation, Drivers, Tools and Support Services

  • Liz Lyon University of Pittsburgh
  • Wei Jeng University of Pittsburgh
  • Eleanor Mattern University of Pittsburgh

Abstract

This paper describes a preliminary study of research transparency, which draws on the findings from four focus group sessions with faculty in chemistry, law, urban and social studies, and civil and environmental engineering. The multi-faceted nature of transparency is highlighted by the broad ways in which the faculty conceptualised the concept (data sharing, ethics, replicability) and the vocabulary they used with common core terms identified (data, methods, full disclosure). The associated concepts of reproducibility and trust are noted. The research lifecycle stages are used as a foundation to identify the action verbs and software tools associated with transparency. A range of transparency drivers and motivations are listed. The role of libraries and data scientists is discussed in the context of the provision of transparency services for researchers.

Published
16-Sep-2017
Section
Papers (Peer-reviewed)